FACTORY – ECOVATIVE
Life Cycle Analysis or Assessment (LCA)
LCA is a mode of inquiry that attempts to quantify the environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a material or product, from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance, and disposal or recycling. The assessment follows prescriptions for creating data on a range of impacts, including:
Fossil fuel depletion
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Other nonrenewable resource use
Global warming potential
Stratospheric ozone depletion
Ground-level ozone (smog) creation
Nitrification/eutrophication of water bodies
Acidification and acid deposition (dry and wet)
Toxic releases to air, water, and land from the Athena Sustainable Materials Institute, atl lenjsivii.oK!
This data can help project teams accurately determine the ecosystem impacts of their design decisions and make this criterion possible to quantify, rather than relying on assumptions. A number of companies specialize in construction LCA, and their documentation is a valuable resource for project teams. the harvesting and manufacturing of building materials.
In the next home design, we will look at a number of material and product rating systems that can be useful in answering to these types of questions without requiring the building designer to do all of the research.