What ecosystem disruption does the harvesting of this material cause?
Are previously untouched ecosystems being destroyed or significantly altered?
Are existing habitats of animal species being displaced?
Are waterways being diverted or interrupted?
Is the landscape being altered in significant ways?
Is biodiversity being compromised?
What effluent, discharge, or runoff is created? In what quantities and of what toxicity?
What solid waste is created? How is it dealt with?
What types of pollution are associated with the manufacturing process?
Is airborne pollution released? If so, in what quantities and of what toxicity?
Is waterborne pollution released? If so, in what quantities and of what toxicity?
Is pollution distributed or buried in soils? If so, in what quantities and of what toxicity?
Are toxic conditions created for workers?
What kinds of fuels are used to power the manufacturing process, and what types of pollution are associated with harvesting and using those fuel sources?
It is important to consider these types of pollution broadly and inclusively. For example, the use of any type of plastic or foam material inherently includes the pollution that is caused by oil exploration, extraction, spills from pipelines and wells, and transportation accidents, as well as the types of effluent emitted during all phases of processing, not just the final manufacturing process. Similarly, the impacts of agricultural products like straw and hemp need to include the full production and in-situ effects of fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides used in the growing cycle.