10 Best Victorian Terrace Garden Design Ideas

This layer is of primary importance for maintaining thermal comfort in the building at a desired degree of efficiency. This layer is often referred to as the insulation layer.

Buildings are constantly exposed to temperature differentials between an ideal indoor temperature and outdoor conditions, and the role of the thermal control layer is to mitigate heat losses and gains through the building enclosure to maintain a consistent desired indoor temperature with minimal input from fuel sources.

As with the water control layer, the thermal control layer is typically composed of a variety of different systems and materials that are designed to meet the particular needs of the climate and conditions in a particular location in the building.

Why Is the Thermal Control Layer Important?

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When exterior conditions are far from the desired indoor temperature, a number of serious issues can arise:

Discomfort and occupant health If indoor temperatures are too low or too high, or are inconsistent within a building, occupants can experience discomfort or even ill health effects.

The thermal control layer is where heat energy from inside or outside the building is slowed (it is never truly stopped) by insulation, which can be located to the interior, middle, or exterior of the assembly.

Energy consumption The amount of energy required to maintain an adequate indoor temperature may be very high if the thermal control layer is inadequate. This results in fuel consumption that can be expensive and damaging to the environment.

Building safety Freezing temperatures within a building can cause plumbing pipes to burst, causing major damage to the building. Excessively high or low temperatures inside a building can compromise other building services, including refrigeration, lighting, and HVAC systems.

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