Casual Living Room Decor
These paints are also referred to as High Gloss Paints, Varnish Paints, Hard Gloss Paints, etc. And as their name implies, they dry with a glossy enamel-like finish. They should not be confused with real enamels, however, which are different materials. Enamel paints can be used for finishing doors, window frames, cupboards, kitchen cabinets, garden tools and furniture, and any surface, wood or metal, which may be constantly handled and on which a smooth, glossy, hard-wearing finish is desired.
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Undercoats suitable for enamel paints are supplied in shades approximating the finishing colour and one coat of undercoating (two if repainting a dark-coloured surface), and one of finishing are sufficient in most cases, but should it be desired to apply an extra coat of finishing, the gloss on the first coat must be removed, either by rubbingwith pumice and water, or with fine sandpaper. This and is very necessary because if a glossy drying paint is applied over a previous gloss finish it is liable to “ciss”, i.e. run off like water from glass, or if this does not happen it will lack adhesion and may peel off or chip after a short time, as the hard glossy under-surface does not permit the finishing coat to key properly.
Enamel paints dry dust free in six to eight hours and are hard in eighteen to twenty-four hours. One gallon covers approximately 70 square yards. Do not thin these paints with turpentine or the gloss will be impaired. Avoid gloss paints which dry in a few hours, as these are usually very brittle and are not durable of soft pastel shades and are of heavy consistency to be thinned as required with oil and/or turpentine according to the work being done. Flat paints dry with a velvet smooth matt finish which is washable. Two coats are usually required, using the same material but thinning differently for each coat.
On bare plaster surfaces a special sealer is mixed with the first coat to act as a primer and seal the suction.
When the special sealer material is not used the first coat must be thinned to brushing consistency with half raw linseed oil and half turpentine. This makes it dry with a slight sheen. The finishing coat, however, must be thinned with turpentine only, as the addition of oil would destroy the matt appearance.
Flat paints appear to dry in an hour or two, but this is only surface drying, and an interval of at least twelve hours should be allowed between coats.
One gallon of flat paint, when thinned ready for use, will cover about 120 square yards, slightly less for the first coat on porous surfaces. Flat paints should not be used for outside work as they are not resistant to weather, and are not to be recommended for surfaces which will be constantly handled, such as doors, etc. For such surfaces use a flat enamel finish.