Cheap Floor Covering Ideas

Cheap Floor Covering Ideas

Floral carpets

A ‘floral’ carpet is a carpet that makt use of curvilinear design, as oppose to rather more geometric represents tions and patterns. This can only b achieved by the use of a very hig density of knots per square inci which produces highly complex and fine designs. Carpets of this type, such as the ‘Persian’ carpet, are manufactured in more organized workshops from designs produced on paper by a designer. It is then woven into a carpet by a weaver who has little to do with the design process. Carpets made in this environment used to be produced almost exclusively for sale and export, often for the Western market. They are characterized by highly sophisticated and intricate designs of a very delicate nature, often produced using very dark and rich colours.

Cheap Floor Covering Ideas Photo Gallery

Cheap Floor Covering Ideas Photo Gallery

Geometric carpets

Geometric carpets are principally produced by tribal peoples, either nomadic or living in villages. The designer is also the weaver and the carpet design is made up as it is woven, although unlike the gabbeh mentioned above, the design uses traditional patterns and motifs. Each of these carpets is unique and is made for the use of the particular tribe. Some will be made for sale, and this is becoming increasingly common today as these smaller peoples enter the global economy. Tribal carpets originate from a huge area stretching from Turkey through Iran to Afghanistan. Each region or tribe has its own distinctive designs and colour range, although some motifs are universal and are also utilized in floral carpets.

The reason for this type of design is cultural and is in some part due to the difficult conditions under which the rugs are made. Tribal rugs are less formal and looser in style than floral carpets. More folk art than classical art, this type of rug is rather more suited to contemporary interiors than the manufactured carpets; consequently they are much in demand.

Contemporary carpet

These are modern carpets produced by artists and designers art for the floor. They are produced for their own sake as purely decorative pieces, unlike some of the more traditional types of carpet. Designs vary widely according to the style of the individual designer, and can be entirely free-form and expressive, or more representational, either with or without borders. Some of these rugs are woven in the traditional carpet-producing areas of the East using hand-knotted wool and vegetable dyes, like the more traditional carpets of these regions. There are very few hand-woven carpets produced commercially in the West today as labour costs are so high. This type of carpet may well be made in China or India, or in other parts of the East, and indeed, most patterned rugs (whether designed or plain) originate from these areas. Q

Fabric rugs

Rag rugs

The early American settlers living in more remote areas produced many of their own goods, rugs being one such item. These people were very frugal and consequently were very good at recycling materials. As a result they made rugs from strips of cloth obtained from clothes that had reached the end of their useful life and wove these into rugs of several different types. Rag rugs were the most common type of rug and were made from narrow strips of cloth that are woven on a loom, rather like a flatweave rug. The rug can be made from a fabric of one colour or other colours can be incorporated. Rugs of this type have a simple knobbly appearance that is a very cheap and effective way of covering up a bare floor. Today, rag rugs are easily found, but are likely to be made in places such as India. 0

Braided rugs

Three or more strips of cloth are plaited together to form a braid rather like a person’s hair. These braids are then joined together to make a rug. This type of rug would be started in the middle and worked outwards, with more braided lengths added to the outside of the rug until the desired size was reached. This type of rug was often circular or oval. The colour of the rug is dependent upon the colour of the cloth used in making the braid. The overall colour of the rug is controlled by varying the colours of the fabric used in each subsequent braid and in this way a pattern can be built up. Today this type of rug is often machine-made, although it is possible to make a rug at home in the same way that the original settlers did.

Hook rugs

Hook rugs are pile rugs made by pulling a yarn or a strip of fabric through a backing material using a hook. The pile is made from a series of fabric loops that can be varied in height to create either a firm, close pile or a longer, more shaggy look. The pile lengths can be varied on the same rug to create a more sculptured appearance. The hoops can be clipped in the same way as a Wilton carpet to create a soft, more velvety feel. Quite complex designs can be achieved using this technique, depending on the density of the hoops and the number of colours used. Representational rugs, more abstract patterning, or copies of oriental designs can be tried. Hooped rugs can look more sophisticated and less folksy than the other types of rug made from recycled materials, but this will obviously be dependent on the design used. 0

A floorcloth makes a stylish and original alternative to a carpet or rug. The turquoise blue used here was probably specially mixed to offset the warm ochre used on the walls, while laying the cloth over grey colourwashed boards shov off both the colours and the design to maximum effect. In fact, the floorcloth forms the focal point of the room.

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