A type of structure usually consisting of a long nave flanked by aisles and terminating in an apse. Living room design ideas 2017 It was commonly used in ancient Rome for administrative buildings, and the form was later adopted for Christian churches.
A parapet in which raised sections alternate with gaps, often used on the walls of castles and other fortifications; also called crenellation.
The horizontal part of a framework, such as a roof timber or a piece of horizontal steelwork in a modern frame structure.
An ornate form of classical architecture, fashionable in France in the late 19th century and imitated elsewhere in Europe and the US. Named after the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where many architects were trained.
An ornamental projecting stone or knob, placed at the intersection of ribs in a vault.
A mass of masonry, projecting from the outside of a building, designed to strengthen the structure. See also Flying buttress.
Relating to the civilization based in Constantinople (modern Istanbul), the capital of the eastern Roman empire in the 4th century. Byzantine churches were centrally planned, often with domes, and became the greatest monuments of early Christian architecture.
A bell tower, usually detached from the building to which it belongs.
The structure that crowns a column. In classical architecture the design follows one of the orders; in Egyptian buildings, capitals are often stylized lotus flowers; in Gothic architecture, they often bear foliate carving or plain moldings.
A vaulted room, forming part of a fortification. Casemates that are used for artillery have openings through which guns may be fired.
Iron that has been cast in a mold. Widely used since the 17th century for railings, gates, street furniture, and decoration, it was first used to construct the frameworks of factories and warehouses during the Industrial Revolution.
In medieval architecture the fortified residence of a lord or monarch, with defensive features and containing spacious living quarters. In post-medieval architecture the term can refer to large country houses, especially those in the Gothic revival style.
The main inner room of a Greek temple containing the statue of the deity.
Relating to the tradition of ancient Greek or Roman architecture. Classical architecture generally involves the use of the orders combined with an emphasis on symmetry.
The purest form of this type of architecture is seen in temples.
A revival of the classical style. Many revivals took place from the Renaissance onward.