New Flooring Ideas
Axminster, one of the hardest-wearing types of carpet, is woven at the same time as the backing material, normally a natural fibre. The pile consists of a series of U-shaped loops threaded through the backing material. Latex or adhesive is often applied to the backing to help keep the tufts in position. A multitude of differently coloured yarns can be woven together into the carpet, giving unrivalled potential for complex colour and design combinations.
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Wilton carpet is woven at the same time as the backing material. The pile is made from a continuous yarn that weaves through the backing material and appears on the surface as a series of loops. The loops can be left uncut, which is known as ‘Brussels weave’, or cut to form a straight pile that resembles Axminster. Although the continuous yarn theoretically makes Wilton the strongest of carpets, it limits the design potential as only a maximum of five colours can be used together. Wilton can be woven as a textured design with two yarns, usually of slightly different shades of the same colour; one shade is a higher cut pile, the other is shorter and left looped to create a three-dimensional pattern. D
In tufted carpet the pile material is woven into an existing backing material, usually a synthetic product, and held in place with a latex adhesive, before a second layer of backing material is fixed to the latex for greater structural strength. The backing can be either a natural product, which will require a felt underlay, or rubber, which can be fitted directly over the floor. Although not as strong as traditional types of carpet, the construction of tufted carpet is nonetheless effective and cheap to produce. Due to limited design possibilities, this type of carpet is usually plain or made up of two interwoven colours or a series of very simple dots or crude shapes. Designs can, however, be printed onto the surface for added interest.