Overuse. Sometimes too much of a good thing can cause more problems. If joint swelling, stiffness, or pain increases, discontinue spa use and consult your doctor.

Alcohol. A lot of people like to sip on a beer or a glass of wine while in the hot tub. But mixing alcohol and spa use is never a good idea. Alcohol may cause sleepiness, drowsiness, or changes in blood pressure that could lead to drowning. The same goes for recreational drug use.

Pregnancy. Pregnant women should not enter a hot tub without first consulting their doctor. Typically, hot tub use is not recommended for pregnant women because the heat could cause damage to the fetus.

Hygiene. Always shower before entering the spa to reduce the amount of contaminants introduced into the water, including sweat, makeup, body lotions, and deodorants. Don’t allow people with infections or open wounds to use the spa. Also, don’t allow people especially kids in diapers to bathe if they have diarrhea. Fecal matter can contaminate the water and infect others with any number of waterborne germs. Bathers should wash their hands with soap and water after using the toilet or changing diapers so that germs don’t make their way to the spa.

Supervision. Never allow children to use the spa without adult supervision, even if you think they are accomplished swimmers.

Fencing. Many municipalities require fencing around outdoor spas. To be considered a safety fence, the barrier must be at least 48 inches (122 cm) high and not have any openings a child might squeeze through. It should also be extremely difficult to get a hand- or toehold on the fence for climbing. Although any fence can be climbed by a resourceful child given enough time, the fence should be designed in such a way that it’s at least difficult to surmount. Popular styles of spa fencing include chain link, ornamental wrought iron or aluminum, and wooden picket. Fences that allow outsiders to see into your spa area are less of a deterrent than those that block the view entirely. Also, fences that are surrounded by thorny shrubs and flowerbeds are less likely to be climbed than those that offer a clear runway.

Gates and Doors. Self-latching gates and self-closing doors protect against unauthorized and unsupervised entry into the spa area. It’s important to note that the latch must be set above the reach of toddlers and small children to ensure its effectiveness. A variety of self-closing devices can accommodate different door styles, including hinged and sliding.


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